The chinch bug in relation to St. Augustine grass by R. N. Wilson

Cover of: The chinch bug in relation to St. Augustine grass | R. N. Wilson

Published by U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

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  • Chinch-bugs,
  • Grasses,
  • Diseases and pests

Edition Notes

Caption title.

Book details

Statementby R.N. Wilson
SeriesCircular / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 51, rev. 1937, Circular (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 51.
The Physical Object
Pagination7 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25514007M

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The chinch bug in relation to St. Augustine grass by Wilson, R. (Robert Normal), b. Publication date Topics Chinch-bugs, Grasses Diseases and pests Southern States This book is available with additional data at Biodiversity Heritage Library.

See Pages: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Wilson, R.N. (Robert Normal), b. Chinch bug in relation to St. Augustine grass. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. Genre/Form: book: Additional Physical Format: Print version: Wilson, R.N.

(Robert Normal), Chinch bug in relation to St. Augustine grass. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Chinch Bugs in St. Augustine Lawns L Michael E.

Merchant and Robert L. Crocker* T he southern chinch bug, Blissus insu-laris, is one of the most important insect pests of St. Augustine-grass in Texas. Although most damaging in Gulf Coast regions and in the southern half of the state, chinch bugs can be a problem anywhere St. Chinch Bugs.

Augustine grass doesn’t attract a whole lot of pests, but homeowners should be on the lookout for chinch bugs. These hard-to-spot pests don’t just feed on your grass—they actually remove the fluids from the plant and inject it with a toxin.

Chinch bug adults and nymphs beside damaged St Augustine grass leaves. Chinch Bugs are Pest of St Augustine Grass. The most widely used turf species in Pinellas County is St Augustine grass. It has a lot of great qualities: Dark green color, thick uniform growth, easy to establish and more. But it has this one huge downside: chinch bugs.

Although the southern chinch bug is a serious pest in St. Augustine lawns, it will feed on zoysia, centipede, bahia, or bermuda grass. The common chinch bug is a closely related species that is a pest of grain crops in Texas and through the Midwest.

Chinch bugs are small insects that feed on grass, destroying it in the process. They also lay eggs in the grass. When the baby chinch bugs hatch, they continue the grass destruction cycle. Chinch bugs are most attracted to St. Augustine grass, which widely grows in southern states such as Texas and Florida.

Chinch bugs are particularly fond of St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum), which grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 thro but according to the University of Nebraska's Department of Entomology, chinch bugs will also eat other grasses such as buffalograss (Bouteloua dactyloides), hardy in USDA zones 5.

They first attack the bases of St. Augustine grass and the stolons (runners). The best indicator of chinch bug presence is the appearance of yellow-brown, nearly dead looking, circular, thick.

How to identify chinch bugs and chinch bug damage in St Augustine grass lawns and how to treat chinch bugs in St Augustine grass lawns. Augustine is the predominant grass used in lawns in Houston, San Antonio and Austin. As the number of St. Augustine lawns increases, the potential for damage by the Southern Chinch Bug also increases.

“Chinch bugs insert a toxin that kills the St. Augustine as they feed by sucking the plant juices,” said Reinert. Chinch bug damage to a St. Augustinegrass lawn. Note the patches of bermudagrass left unharmed. he southern chinch bug, Blissus insularis Barber, is one of the most impor-tant insect pests of St.

Augustine-grass in Texas. It can be a problem anywhere St. Augustinegrass is grown, causing most damage in the Gulf Coast region and in theFile Size: KB. Best offers Hand Tools for Gardening & Lawn Care How to Get Rid of Chinch Bugs in St. Augustine Grass. Chinch bugs are small insects that feed on grass.

Common Problems. Both St. Augustine and Bermuda are relatively unaffected by diseases and insects. However, here's how to identify the most common problems and correct them: Brown patch – If St. Augustine grass leaves turn brown and die at the leaf base, the cause could be brown patch. To test for this fungal disease, pull on a leaf blade; if.

The southern chinch bug, is one of the most important insect pests of St. Augustine in Austin. Although most damaging in Gulf Coast regions and in the southern half of the state, chinch bugs can be a problem anywhere St. Augustine is grown. Chinch bugs prefer hot, dry environments.

Treatment is usually considered when damage symptoms appear and chinch bugs are detected at the edge of the damaged area using the flotation or vacuum method. Related. Chinch Bugs in St. Augustine Lawns (Publication E) Chinch Bugs in Turfgrass – Ohio State University Extension; Southern Chinch Bug – University of Florida Extension.

Although the southern chinch bug is a serious pest in St. Augustine grass lawns, it will feed on zoysia grass, centipede grass, bahia grass, or bermuda grass.

The common chinch bug, Blissus luecopterus, is a closely-related species that is a pest of grain crops in Texas and throughout the Midwest. Lawns affected by chinch bugs are often confused with lawns suffering from drought.

Chinch bugs use their piercing mouthparts to suck moisture from grass blades, then inject a poison into the blades that interrupts water movement within the grass, causing the grass to die. In the early stages of chinch bug damage, grass will begin to yellow.

Look similar to the beneficial bigeyed bug. Primarily found on St. Augustine lawns. Biology and life cycle: Incomplete metamorphosis.

After hatching, the wingless nymphs are red, then orange, then black, developing a bright-colored band across their back. Two or three generations a year. Adults hibernate in grass. Chinch bugs are a common lawn pest that can do a lot of damage to your grass.

Let’s learn more about chinch bugs, how to know you have them and how to get rid of them if they are in your yard. Chinch Bugs: What Homeowners Need to Know.

Southern chinch bugs are small and slender with white wings with distinctive black triangular marks. How to Prevent and Treat Chinch Bugs in St. Augustine Grass. Call for more information about chinch bugs. In the video, Houston Grass South Owner Michael Romine talks about chinch bugs in St.

Augustine grass — how to prevent chinch bugs, where they typically attack your grass, and how to treat chinch bugs. Habitat and Food Source(s), Damage: St. Augustine grass is the primary host of the southern chinch bug.

Other host plants include Bermudagrass, bahiagrass, centipedegrass and zoysiagrass. Nymphs and adults use their sucking mouthparts to remove sap from the base (crown) and stolons of plants and inject a toxic substance that prevents the.

Chinch Bugs Adult chinch bugs are about one-fifth of an inch long and black with white wings folded over their backs. Chinch bugs feed on many kinds of lawn grasses, but St.

Augustine grass and Zoysia grass are favorites/5(78). One type of grass that’s debated highly against using is St. Augustine grass, AKA Stenotaphrum secundatum. The reason is that chinch bugs prefer eating this type of grass and you’re just asking for trouble.

This grass is often grown through zones 8 through Keeping chinch bugs away from your grass. Southern chinch bug on St. Augustine grass blade. Applying excessive fertilizer also enhances thatch formation and makes the grass more attractive as a food source for chinch bugs.

No more than 3 to 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1, square feet should be applied each year to St. The southern chinch bug displays a preference for St. Augustinegrass, and this preference has elevated the southern chinch bug to the second most expensive plant feeding arthropod in Florida (Cherry and NagataKerr ).

The southern chinch bug thrives during the warm, damp summer months, and infestations peak in early July (Kerr ). Q: We put in new St Augustine lawn in May. In September, I noticed some yellow patches. At first I thought chinch bugs so I put out insecticide.

The spots are not solid yellow but have some green in it. Some are about 2 feet across, others are just a few inches. Now.

Kill and Prevent Chinch Bugs If you know you have chinch bugs, you can control them by treating your lawn with Ortho® Bugclear™ Lawn Insect formula kills chinch bugs and other listed insects by contact, above and below the soil, and creates a bug barrier in your lawn for 3 months.

Chinch bugs are small pests that can damage your lawn, leaving patches of dry, dead grass throughout your turf. If you have chinch bugs, read the rest of this guide to learn how to get rid of these grass-destroying critters. Not sure if you have chinch bugs. Read our guide on what chinch bugs look like for more information.

An adult female chinch bug can deposit over eggs on average in her lifecycle, she may lay as little as 4 eggs per day, but she will oviposit for many continuous weeks.

Female chinch bugs deposit there eggs in St. Augustine grass close to where the plant contacts the dirt. Variety evaluations in St. Augustinegrass for resistance to the southern lawn chinch bug (Texas. Agricultural Experiment Station. PR ; C) [Carter, R.

P] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Variety evaluations in St. Augustinegrass for resistance to the southern lawn chinch bug (Texas. Agricultural Experiment Station. PR ; C)Author: R. P Carter. Chinch bugs are a threat to St. Augustine lawns especially during hot, dry weather.

These pests cause damage by piercing the runners with their mouth parts, sucking sap, dehydrating your turf and injecting a poison. Chinch bugs can and will destroy your whole lawn if allowed to multiply.

In addition, when a lawn is weakened by chinch bugs, it. What Chemicals Kill Chinch Bugs on the Lawn?. Your lawn is the first thing guests notice when they visit, and brown or dying patches caused by chinch bugs will.

Chinche may also be used when referring to a bed bug. Chinch bugs can be found throughout the United States, Southern Canada, Mexico and Central America. There are multiple species of chinch bugs that feed on turfgrasses and crop plants such as corn, sorghum and wheat.

In Florida, the southern chinch bug is a serious insect pest of St. Keep an eye out. Chinch bugs are out in full force during September.

These little bugs can cause damage to St. Augustine grass. Weekly inspections of the lawn now through fall are critical to. Wilting and browning grass often indicates drought conditions, but a chinch bug infestation mimics this same turf stress.

At around 1/5 inch long chinch bugs pierce grass blades to access the nutritious fluids. As their saliva enters the grass, root moisture cannot move throughout the turf's. Chinch bugs: Chinch bugs are small, red (young) or black (mature) insects with a white spot or markings on their back.

You can often see chinch bugs by examining the grass near the soil surface. To be sure, push a bottomless metal can several inches into the ground in an area where the grass. Chinch bugs have most commonly been seen to attack St. Augustine grass, but can also infest zoysia or Bermuda grass, too.

Once your lawn has been infected, you will see expanding, irregular patches of dead grass encircled by a halo of yellow, dying grass. Prevention. Chinch bugs have many natural predators including birds and big-eyed bugs. The chinch bug is the most damaging insect on St.

Augustine grass lawns, and most home gardeners have sprayed to control this pest. Many people have planted a different type of grass as a solution Author: Eleanor Foerste.

However, There's always the danger that chinch bugs, which prefer water stressed dead dying grass, will attack the lawn and make this irrigation problem much, much worse. The solution: be sure that a good insecticide has been applied within the last month, fix and repair the irrigation and water the heck out of that lawn for at least 10 days.

Dry, hot areas promote chinch bugs to survive, giving them a tiny army to raid your grass. Once southern chinch bugs begin to eat away at your lawn, the dried grass areas will develop a pattern. This is a sure-tell sign you’re dealing with chinch bugs.

As the thatch (layer where roots meet soil) of your lawn begins to dry out, the chinch bugs.Chinch bugs love to hide out in the thatch, or dead plant material found between the green tops of the grass plant and the soil below.

Because of that, the most important thing to do for your lawn in general, and also to avoid any chinch bug infestations is to simply take good care of your lawn.

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